CLAVES Instructional Principles

Metalinguistic Awareness

Students reflect on how they analyze semantics, syntax, and morphology during reading.

Dialogic Reasoning

Students' inquiry and discussion is central to their learning. They comprehend texts and develop arguments collaboratively.

Multimodal Texts

Students read, write, and speak across a breadth of texts, including: news articles, videos, picture books, games, role-plays, and more.


Students use their full linguistic repertoires to make meaning, share thinking, compare languages, and offer new insights into the unit content.